Yudhishthira’s Wisdom – Four Levels of Interacting | Flax Golden Tales

By | September 8, 2017

Yudhishthira’s Wisdom (The Mahabharata – Shanta Rao’s Adaptation) – Ancient Tales

Yudhishthira's  wisdom four levels

Questions Answer

  1. Apply the four levels of interacting with the text to “Yudhishthira’s Wisdom.”

Ans: i. Literal Comprehension:

This Tale “Yudhishthira’s Wisdom” has been taken from the Hindu epic “The Mahabharata”. It is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India, recounting events that it might have been taken place 2300 years ago. Once, five Pandav brothers were running after a deer for the hunt in the dark and deep forest in hot weather, suddenly, they all grew very tired and thirsty. Yudhishthira’s, who was the eldest brother, sat under a tree and sent his younger brother, Sahadeva to search for water.

He didn’t come back for a long time so he sent his next brother, Nakula to search him. He also failed to return. Accordingly, he sent his remaining brothers, Bhim and Arjun one by one to search them. But they also didn’t return. He became nervous and went himself to search them following their footprints. He walked for a long time and he saw a beautiful pool (pond). And on the side of the pool, he also saw his four brothers lying (prostrate) on the ground either dead or unconscious. He became very unhappy and started crying.

Unlike Yudhishthira, they had all ignored the Yaksha’s admonition (warning) not to drink water before answering his questions. Although he felt so thirsty, he obeyed him and answered his queries. The Yaksha’s pleased with Yudhishthira’s wisdom and agreed to restore (revive) only one brother. He also asked Yudhishthira to choose one brother among them. Then Yudhishthira chooses Nakula, the son of Madri (a stepmother) so that the line of both mothers would not end. Yaksha revealed himself as Yama (heavenly father). He revived his all brothers promising that he would help them in future hardships advising him to live at the palace of king Matysa as well.

ii. Interpretation:

This tale might be trying to tell us about the importance of patience and obedience to gods. This story may also be telling the significance of wisdom and right conduct. Except for Yudhishthira, other brothers are brave but they don’t have all these qualities so they have problems. Though Yudhishthira feels very thirsty, he controls himself and answers all the questions of the Yaksha. The story can also be interpreted as righteousness (justice), not only contributes to making feel good, or brighter prospects after the death, but it also pays rights here on this earthly existence. It also highlights the concepts that if we use our conscience properly, we can face and solve any problems courageously.

iii. Critical Thinking:

This story is charming about the philosophical portion. Although it teaches us the importance of patience in our life, there are some unconvincing events and ideas too in the story. So we may put forward some questions: is it possible that patience and right conduct are always rewarded on the earth? Would be astronauts and scientists agree or believe that the Sun shines by the power of God? Is it true that courage is the best weapon against all kinds of danger?

iv. Assimilation:

After reading this story, I realized that patience is a great virtue so we should not lose our patients in crisis. It also led me an event of my village. One day, we were playing football against senior boys. They scored two goals in the first half. I was the captain and I told them not to lose the hope and patience until the time would not be over. As a result, we also scored three goals and won the match at last.

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  1. Write the story “Yudhishthira’s Wisdom” from Yaksha’s point of view.

Ans: Once I, (Yaksha) was taking rest sitting near a pool of my palace. Suddenly, a man came near the pool and became ready to drink water. I ordered him not to drink until my questions were answered properly. He was Sahadeva who disobeyed me and soon became unconscious after drinking water. Similarly, Nakul, Bhim, Arjun came and tried to drink water without giving answers to my questions. So, all of them became unconscious near the pool. Soon, Yudhishthira came and became sad seeing the condition of his brothers. When he also was about to drink water, I warned him with the questions.

First, I asked him, “What makes the Sunshine?” He answered the power of God. “What is the surest weapon against danger?” was the second questions. He answered the ‘courage’. Next, I asked, “What gives more to man than earth?” He answered the mother. “What makes a man happy when he gives up?” he became sad and answered ‘anger’. Similarly, the desire was his answer to my last questions. I was happy by his answers so I liked to revive one of the Pandav brothers. Then, Yudhishthira proposed to Nakula instead of Bhim and Arjun, which made me very much pleased. Then, I revived all of the brothers by blessing them for a comfortable time during rest exile. I was actually Yama giving an order of Yudhishthira but he turned to be successful for his virtue and wisdom.

  1. Retell the plot of this story “Yudhishthira’s Wisdom”.

Ans: Once in the exile period, five Pandav brothers grew thirsty running after a deer in the forest of Yaksha. Yudhishthira sent his youngest brother, Sahadeva in search of water. He came across a beautiful pond and became ready to drink hurriedly. Some voice stopped him from drinking until he could answer his questions. Thinking it as fancy, he drank water. He sooner goes fainted. Similarly, Nakul, Bhim and Arjun got into the same accident.

Lastly, Yudhishthira himself went to the pond and found such horrible condition of his brothers. Bu the waited from drinking water after listening similar warning. He gave the answers of all the questions asked by Yaksha until Yaksha became pleased. Yaksha promised to relive one of the brothers for that Yudhishthira referred to Nakul with much pleasing reason. So, being happy Yaksha revived his entire brothers and gave blessing for the easy and comfortable life of the remaining exile period.

  1. Write the story of “Yudhishthira’s Wisdom” from point of view of Yudhishthira.

Ans: I am Yudhishthira, the eldest of the Pandava brothers. Once, we were chasing a deer in a scorching day. We got tired and felt thirsty. I sat under a tree and ordered Sahadeva to look for some water nearby. He went to search water but failed to return. I sent Nakula, Arjuna, and Bhima one after another but none of them returned. Finally, I went there following their footprints. I found an enchanting pool and another side, I saw my four brothers lying on the ground dead or unconscious either. I cried in sorrow. Felt very thirsty so I went to near the pool and started to drink.

As I ready to drink, an unknown voice warned me not to drink water before answering his questions. I agreed and got ready to answer his questions. The unseen voice was of the Yaksha. He asked me religious and philosophical questions. I answered correctly and he became happy so the was ready to revive one of my brothers. I choose my step-brother, Nakula. Yaksha was very glad and appeared in the form of the Yama. He saved all my brothers. At last, he promised to help us in the future.

  1. Summarize the story “Yudhishthira’s Wisdom” in a single sentence.

Ans: The importance of patience, obedience, wisdom, and justice are the virtue of a real warrior like Yudhishthira who has passed in the ordeal of Yaksha because he hasn’t lost his courage and patience in any critical situation.

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Yudhishthira's Wisdom

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