Relating Past Events – Meaning into Words | Grade XII Notes

By | November 6, 2018

Reference Notes | English
Relating Past Events – Meaning Into Words
For: Class 12 | Solution of Work Book
Unit 3: Relating Past Events

1. Join the following pairs of sentences each with a relative clause.

a. Diamond is a very hard substance. it is used of cutting.

Ans: Diamond, which is used for cutting, is very hard substance.

b. A road leads to the farm. it isn’t suitable for cars.

Ans: A road, which isn’t suitable for cars, leads to the farm.

c. A girl was injured in the accident. she is now in hospital.

Ans: A girl, who is now in the hospital, was injured in the accident.

d. A man answered the phone. He told me you were away.

Ans: A man, who told me you were away, answered the phone.

2. Combine the pairs of sentences into one using a relative clause in each case.

a. Mary was woken up suddenly by a strange noise.

She had been in a deep sleep.

Ans: Mary who had been in a deep sleep, was woken up suddenly by a strange

b. The window was wide open.

Mary had locked it securely the night before.

Ans: The window, which mary had locked securely the night before was wide open.

c. The servants had left.

Mary had laughed at them only that afternoon for being superstitious.

Ans: The servants, at whom mary had laughed only that afternoon for being superstitious, had left.

d. Mary saw an old woman.

‘Her mouth was twisted into a toothless grin’.

Ans: Mary saw an old woman, whose mouth was twisted into a toothless grin.

e. Mary heard a strange noise.

It seemed to come from outside her window.

Ans: Mary heard a strange noise, which seemed to come from outside her window.

3. Join the following sentences together using a relative clause:

a. Finally Browne decided to retire. Willis had been sharing an office with him.

Ans: Finally Browne, with whom Willis had been sharing an office, decided to retire.

b. The old house was finally sold. The family had lived in it for 300. years.

Ans: The old house, in which the family had lived for 300 years, was finally sold.

c. He proudly showed me round his house. He had paid 40 lakhs for it.

Ans: He proudly showed me round his house, for which he had paid 40 lakhs.

d. He became quite fond of his college. he had spent many years of his life there.

Ans: He became quite fond of college, where he had spent many years of his life.

e. Harold finally asked her to marry him. she had always been in love with him.

Ans: Harold, finally asked her to marry with whom he had always been in love.

4. Join the following sentences together using a relative clause:

a. There’s a woman living next door. She is a doctor.

Ans: The women, who are living next door, is a doctor.

b. There are some words. They are difficult to translate.

Ans: There are some words, which are difficult to translate.

c. I was looking for a book. The book got lost yesterday.

Ans: I was looking for a book, which got lost yesterday.

d. Mrs. Jha is going to spend her holidays in Brigunj. Her daughter lives there.

Ans: Mrs. Jha, whose daughter lives in Brigunj, is going to spend her holidays there.

e. Hari passed his examinations. This is a good news.

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5. Join the following sentence using a Relative clause.

a. I saw her at the gate. A man was lying there.

Ans:  I saw her at the gate where a man was lying.

b. He had spent many years in Pokhara. He was born there.

Ans: He had spent many years in Pokhara where he was born.

c. Phil’s was an excellent driver. Phil’s forehead was covered in sweat.

Ans: Phil’s forehead was covered in sweat, was an excellent driver.

d. The dog was sitting facing the black window. The dog loved travelling in a fast car.

Ans: The dog, which loved travelling in a fast car, was sitting facing the black window.

e. Alex had just taken the gun out of his pocket. Alex never went anywhere without his gun.

Ans: Alex, who never went anywhere without his gun, had just taken the gun out of his pocket.

6. Join the following sentences together using a relative clause:

a. The woman is wearing a red saree. She is my math teacher.

Ans: The woman, who is wearing a red saree is my math teacher.

b. There are some books in the library. They are not for reading.

Ans: There are some books in the library which are not for reading.

c. The place called Dhangadhi. I’ve been living there since 2002.

Ans: The place, where I’ve been living there since 2002, is called Dhangadhi.

d. My son went to Australia last week. I also bought a car last week.

Ans: My son went to Australia last week when I also bought a car.

e. Ms. Gautam is going to spend her holidays in Bangkok. Her son works there.

Ans: Ms. Gautam is going to spend her holidays in Bangkok where her son works.

7. Join the following sentences together using a relative clause:

a. The baby is catching the ball. she is my baby.

Ans: The baby who is catching the ball, is my baby.

b. There is some juice in the bottle. The juice is not fresh.

Ans: There is some juice in the bottle which is not fresh.

c. The place called New York. I’ve been living there for two years.

Ans: The place, where I’ve been living there for two years, is called New York.

d. My son lives in America. I love my son very much.

Ans: My son, whom I love very much, lives in America.

e. The lady on the reception desk. Her job is to receive the guest.

Ans: The lady, whose job is to receive the guest, in the reception desk.

8. Join the following sentences together using a non-defining relative clause:

a. The principle presented the paper. The principle was highly qualified.

Ans: The principle, who was highly qualified, presented the paper.

b. Nani Maiya was a veteran social worker. Nani Maiya was rewarded.

Ans: Nani Maiya, who was a veteran social worker, was rewarded.

c. Mr Khanal never missed any classes. Mr Khanal’s student always scored excellent marks.

Ans: Mr Khanal, whose student always scored excellent marks, never missed any classes.

d. Anish showed me round his house proudly. Anish has paid Rs. 40,000,000 for it.

Ans: Anish showed me round his house proudly for which he had paid Rs. 40,000,000.

e. Laxmi installed solar plant. She paid Rs. 20,000 for it.

Ans: Laxmi installed solar plant for which She paid Rs. 20,000.

9. Complete the following sentences using past perfect tense.

a. I apologised to him for all the mistake I …

Ans: I apologised to him for all the mistake I had made.

b. I took back to the library all the books I …

Ans: I took back to the library all the books I had issued.

c. I wanted to show her the present I …

Ans: I wanted to show her the present I had bought.

d. I threw away the pieces of the vase I …

Ans: I threw away the pieces of the vase I had broken.

e. He couldn’t pay back the money I …

Ans: He couldn’t pay back the money I had borrowed.

10. Rewrite these sentences adding an appropriate non-defining relative clause.

a. My sister couldn’t wait to get back to College, …

Ans: My sister couldn’t wait to get back to College, where she had studied.

b. The NTC managed to repair the telephone, …

Ans: The NTC managed to repair the telephone, which had been damaged.

c. The coach, ……., is polilte.

Ans: The coach, who is from Pokhara is polite.

d. I found  the check, ……, in my bag.

Ans: I found the check which had got lost, in my bag.

e. We were all very grateful to our college, ……

Ans: We were all very grateful to our college, which helped us in number of ways.

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