Concepts and Meaning of Tourism
Long answer questions
- Discuss the development of hotel industries in Nepal. 
Ans: Nepal was a place in this world which was forbidden not only politically but also by nature. In the north it was Himalayan wall and the south it was thick forest with ‘awlo’ – malaria. There were British resident in Kathmandu but their movement was also controlled. Only in 1941 Nepal opened its door to the outsiders but it was only for the expedition purpose. Only for limited expeditions special permit were issued. The successful expedition of Annapurna of 1950 and the Everest Expedition of 1953 made Sherpas and Nepal more popular. World got more and more anxious to know about the mountains, people, cultures and hidden mysteries.
The movement of 1951 changed the administrative system of Nepal and the way to look at the foreigners. Then more and more expedition teams were allowed to visit Nepal.
Mr. Nara Samsher, who had travelled abroad and had extended relationship outside Nepal, had trained some cooks and waiters to cater at his palace to his personal guest. He felt the need of quality Hotels in Kathmandu and opened a hotel in Jawalakhel in 1952 in his resident. General hotel for public The Himalaya Inn and Paras Inn was opened at New Road in around 1950/51. Immediately, Paras Inn was opened at New Road. In 1952/53.
Mr. Booritch Lissanevitch was adancer and operating a club in India was invited to Nepal as a royal guest. Mahendra requested him to organize coronation banquet. The king impressed with his management requested to settle down in Nepal and help for tourism promotion. Booritch opened Royal Hotel in 1954/55. The hotel is the first tourist standard hotel of Nepal. In the same year Nara Smatter closed his hotel and the manager of the hotel, Mr. Mandis, opened Snow View Hotel at Lazimpat.
In 1963, International Hotel Organization and Universal Federation of Travel Agents Association made an agreement to operate and run the travel agencies as a separate business. Accordingly, the Government of Nepal has made it compulsory to register the travel agencies to the Department of Tourism since 1963.
In 1964, Mr. Ramshankar, who was successfully operating Green Hotel at New Road, opened Shankar Hotel at Lazimpat for tourist standard. This hotel was the first four-star hotel of Nepal. In the same year the Hotel Dela’ Annapurna came up as a five-star hotel. In the same year 1966 the Hotel Soaltee came up as fire-star deluxe hotel. Similarly, Blue Star Hotel in 1968 and Hotel Crystal in 1972 came up to fulfill the need of the increasing number of tourist arrivals.
Hotel Accommodation, 2011
|Category||No. of Hotels/ Total||No. of Rooms/ Total||No. of Beds/ Total|
- What is tourism and why Lumbini will be the main tourism destination of Nepal for international tourists? Discuss. 
Ans: Tourism is related to travelling, but every travel is not tourism. Man has been travelling throughout the ages but only that type of travel which is related to pleasure, relax and during the leisure generates tourism. It is a service industry but it includes many industries.
“Tourism is sum of the total activities created by travel and stay of non-resident people”. It includes business organizations, tourists, and everything of a destination.
Nepal has been well accepted as one of the most fascinating countries in the world. The people, rich cultural heritage, towering pagodas, spectacular Himalayan ranges of this country have played an important role in recommending Nepal as an ultimate destination. It is a country of ethic and topographical diversities, rich flora and fauna, adorned with exceptional architecture which is unmatched by any country of the world.
Nepal is also known as a place of Rishis and hermitages, where god and Goddess use to play. Our history is full of legends and stories. So we have very popular saying that there are more gods than people in Nepal.
Some gods are remembered every time some are worshipped every day. Others are worshiped every week or once a year and some festivals are after every 12 years. Some religious places are important nationally and internationally. A large number people visit those religious places. Some of the important pilgrimage places of Nepal are Lumbini, Janakpur, Muktinath, etc.
Lumbini is the birth place of Nepal. Which is the holiest place for Buddhist world, there are many Buddhist countries and many people who believe Buddha as god of peace. So Lumbini is the most attractive place for the Buddhist people of this world.