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Appendix-A More On Grammar And Punctuation | Write to Be Read | BBS 1st year | Complete Questions Answer

Appendix -A

More On Grammar And Punctuation

1. Adding Relative Clauses to Sentences

Read each sentences. Then decide which of the two clauses in parentheses is a well formed relative clause that correctly modifies a noun in the sentence. Rewrite the sentence, inserting this clause. (Commas indicates a nonrestrictive relative clause.)

1. Professor Norris is an excellent administrator.

a. (, who used to direct the English language program,)

b. (that is the author of our text book)

Ans: Professor Norris, who used to direct the English language program, is an excellent administrator.

2. Computers are becoming more widespread worldwide.

a. (, which have come down in price,)

b. (they are beneficial in education)

Ans: Computers, which have come down in price, are becoming more widespread worldwide.

3. The police haven’t been able to locate the witness.

a. (her testimony is important to the case)

b. B. (, whose testimony is important to the case)

Ans: The police haven’t been able to locate the witness, whose testimony (statement of witness) is important to the case.

4. I would like a car.

a. (that it can hold five or six passengers)

b. (that doesn’t require a lot of maintenance)

Ans: I would like a car that doesn’t require a lot of maintenance.

5. The book bag isn’t big enough for all the books I need this semester.

a. (I bought)

b. (that are quite useful)

Ans: The book bag I bought isn’t big enough for all the books I need this semester.

6. People shouldn’t throw stones.

a. (who live in glass houses).

b. (, who live in glass houses,)

Ans: People who live in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones.

7. Students usually find that their writing improves.

a. (they like to read)

b. (who read a lot)

Ans: Students who read a lot usually find that their writing improves.

8. Punctuation is not terribly difficult to learn to use correctly.

a. (, which often frustrates writing students,)

b. (that students don’t like)

Ans: Punctuation, which often frustrates writing students, is not terribly difficult to lean to use correctly.

9. I gave him the letter.

a. (he asked for)

b. (he asked for it)

Ans: I gave him the letter he asked for.

10. My sister-in-law is coming to visit soon.

a. (, who I introduced you to once,)

b. (to which I introduced you once)

Ans: My sister-in-law, who I introduced you to once, is coming to visit soon.

11. We bought two kilograms of rice.

a. (, some of it wasn’t very good)

b. (, most of which we’ll prepare for the party)

Ans: We bought two kilograms of rice, most of which we’ll prepare for the party.

12. We’ve invited a lot of people to the party.

a. (most of them you’ve met)

b. (, most of whom you know,)

Ans: We’ve invited a lot of people, most of whom you know, to the party.

13. They want to go someplace.

a. (, they can be alone there)

b. (where they can be alone)

Ans: They want to go someplace where they can be alone.

14. Pam gave me a lot of advice.

a. (which weren’t very good)

b. (, most of which wasn’t useful)

Ans: Pam gave me a lot of advice, most of which wasn’t useful.

2. Correct Word Order

Form sentences by putting the words in the correct order. Use every word. Use question word order for items followed by a question mark.

a. his/ doesn’t/ brush/ he/ after meals/ always/ teeth/

Ans: He doesn’t always brush his teeth after meals.

b. time/ at home/ have/ seldom/ one weekdays/ lunch/ I/ to cook/

Ans: I seldom have time to cook lunch at home on weekdays.

c. rarely/ in my country/ snows/ in the winter/ it/

Ans: It rarely snows in my country in the winter.

d. his/ in a restaurant/ at night/ they/ birthday/ celebrate/ usually/ with a big party/

Ans: They usually celebrate his birthday with a high party in a restaurant at night.

e. on the weekend/ ever/ you/ do/ with friends/ to the movies/ go/ ?/

Ans: Do you ever go to the movies with friends on the weekend?

f. his strange behavior/ to understand/ i/ the reason/ never/ been able/ have/ for/

Ans: I have never been able to understand the reason for his strange behavior.

g. likely/ George/ is/ at home/ again/ to leave/ his homework/?

Ans: Is George likely to leave his homework at home again?

h. in a quiet place/ don’t/ I/ without interruptions/ usually/ trouble/ doing my homework/ have/

Ans: I don’t usually have trouble doing my homework without interruptions in a quiet place.

i. too many/ in line/ aren’t/ at the post office/ right now/ people/ there/

Ans: There aren’t too many people in line at the post office right now.

j. has/ she/ to go out/ never/ on the weekend/ with them/ wanted.

Ans: She has never wanted to go out with them on the weekend.

k. time/ to read/ have/ seldom/ stories/ do/ a second time/ I/

Ans: Seldom do I have time to read stories a second time.

l. experienced/ I/ never/ rude behavior/ such/ had/

Ans: I had never experienced such rude behavior.

3. Adding Modifiers To Sentences

Read the sentence and add the modifiers in parentheses.

a. (almost) I dropped my book on the floor.

Ans: I almost dropped my book on the floor.

b. (that are dependent) Children need their parents.

Ans: Children that are dependent need their parents.

c. (nearly) It took most of the students three hours to write their compositions.

Ans: It took most of the students nearly three hours to write their compositions.

d. (only) Some of them spent 30 minutes doing it.

Ans: Some of them spent only 30 minutes doing it.

e. (that was so difficult) The students did not appreciate another assignment from their teacher.

Ans: The students did not appreciate another assignment that was so difficult from their teacher.

f. (even) This task is so simple that a three-year-old can do it.

Ans: This task is so simple that even a three-year-old can do it.

g. (without looking at them) The teacher asked a question of the students, who answered quickly.

Ans: Without looking at them the teacher asked a question of the students, who answered quickly.

h. (that smelled wonderful) The cosmetic salesperson sprayed perfume samples on the customer.

Ans: The cosmetic salesperson sprayed perfume samples that smelled wonderful on the customer.

i. (hardly) Mary’s unhealthy because she eats anything.

Ans: Mary’s unhealthy because she eats hardly anything.

j. (only) A mother knows what her children are really like.

Ans: Only a mother knows what her children are really like.

Read Also:

Functions and sources of carbohydrate | Hotel Management | Grade XI

Out of Courtesy | Write to Be Read | Questions Answer

4. Using Adjectives And Adverbs

Read each sentence and choose the correct word for each pair of words in parentheses.

a. If you try (hard/ hardly), you will (sure/ surely) succeed.

Ans: If you try hard, you will surely succeed.

b. The quiz was so (easy/ easily) that I finished very (quick/ quickly).

Ans: The quiz was so easy that I finished very quickly.

c. I’m not very (good/ well) at tennis, but I swim quite (good/ well).

Ans: I’m not very good at tennis, but I swim quite well.

d. You look very (handsome/ handsomely) today.

Ans: You look very handsome today.

e. Let’s finish this assignment (quick/ fast) so that we can go out.

Ans: Let’s finish this assignment fast so that we can go out.

f. He says he’s got a cold, but he seems (well/ finely) to me.

Ans: He says he’s got a cold, but he seems well to me.

g. I can’t treat you to lunch because I (hard/ hardly) have enough money for myself.

Ans: I can’t treat you to lunch because I hardly have enough money for myself.

h. The boss got (real/ really) angry with the employees.

Ans: The boss got really angry with the employees.

i. I will (glad/ gladly) lend him my car.

Ans: I will gladly lend him my car.

j. The new boss expects the employees to work more (efficient/ efficiently) than they used to.

Ans: The new boss expects the employees to work more efficiently than they used to.

k. She isn’t as (friend/ nicely) as her brother.

Ans: She isn’t as friendly as her brother.

l. It’s better to be (safe/ safely) than sorry.

Ans: It’s better to be safe than sorry.

5. Using Comparative Forms

Read each sentence and choose the correct form in parentheses.

a. You can do this (easier/ more easily) if you concentrate.

Ans: You can do this more easily if you concentrate.

b. The (busier/ more busily) he is, the more nervous he gets.

Ans: The busier he is, the more nervous he gets.

c. They moved to a (safer/ more safely) neighborhood.

Ans: They moved to a safer neighborhood.

d. The class tends to get (noisier/ more nosily) when the teacher leaves the room.

Ans: The class tends to get noisier when the teacher leaves the room.

e. He’s trying to live (healthier/ more healthily) by eating better.

Ans: He’s trying to live more healthily by eating better.

f. I’m afraid I have to ask you to work a little (quicker/ more quickly).

Ans: I’m afraid I have to ask you to work a little more quickly.

g. Try to treat him a little (nicer/ more nicely), and I’m sure he’ll cooperate.

Ans: Try to treat him a little more nicely, and I’m sure he’ll cooperate.

h. He is much (slower/ more slowly) in reading than in Maths.

Ans: He is much slower in reading than in Maths.

i. The composition was (easier/ more easily) to do than I had expected.

Ans: The composition was easier to do than I had expected.

j. They asked me to drive (slower/ more slowly).

Ans: They asked me to drive more slowly.

6. Using Periods, Semicolons, And Colons

Read these sentences. Add periods, semicolons, and colons where needs. Add capital letters if necessary.

a. Students who wish to improve their writing can do so in three ways reading more, studying English rhetoric and sentence structure, and heeding their writing teacher’s comments [TU 2072 for 2 marks]

Ans: Students who wish to improve their writing can do so in three ways: reading more, studying English rhetoric and sentence structure, and heeding their writing teacher’s comments.

b. Punctuation is not very interesting to study correct punctuation does, however, make writing easier to read.

Ans: Punctuation is not very interesting to study; correct punctuation does, however, make writing easier to read.

c. The semicolon and the colon look similar and therefore, are sometimes used incorrectly by students.

Ans: The semicolon and the colon look similar and therefore, are sometimes used incorrectly by students.

d. The period and the semicolon are almost identical in function each signals that an independent clause lies before and after it.

Ans: The period and the semicolon are almost identical in function. Each signals that an independent clause lies before and after it.

e. There is an important difference between the period and the semicolon the semicolon is used within one longer sentence, while the period breaks up two independent clauses into separate sentences.

Ans: There is an important difference between the period and the semicolon: the semicolon is used within one longer sentence, while the period breaks up two independent clauses into separate sentences.

f. Students should be careful to use the right transition word it is better to omit a transition word than to use it incorrectly.

Ans: Students should be careful to use the right transition word; it is better to omit a transition word than to use it incorrectly.

g. By far the most mistakes are made with commas they are often used unnecessarily.

Ans: By far the most mistakes are made with commas, they are often used unnecessarily.

h. An understanding of the basic rules of punctuation and little practice are sufficient for most students to master punctuation, however.

Ans: An understanding of the basic rules of punctuation and little practice are sufficient for most students to master punctuation, however.

7. Adding apostrophes [TU 2072 for 2 marks]

Read the sentences and add apostrophes where necessary.

a. Ped and Sues Diner doesn’t open until eight oclock in the morning.

Ans: Ped and Sues Diner doesn’t open until eight o’clock in the morning.

b. The students assignments in Professor Browns section are longer than ours. [2072]

Ans: The students’ assignments in Professor Browns section are longer than ours.

c. My roommates class schedules are easier than mine.

Ans: My roommate’s class schedules are easier than mine.

d. This years winter lettuce crop was ruined by heavy rains.

Ans: This year’s winter lettuce crop was ruined by heavy rains.

e. Whose dress is Helen going to wear, yours or hers?

Ans: Whose dress is Helen going to wear, yours or hers?

f. Whos going to meet Phyllis flight tomorrow night-her husband or her sons? [2072]

Ans: Who’s going to meet Phyllis flight tomorrow night-her husband or her sons?

g. Flight attendants working hours are just as long as pilots.

Ans: Flight attendants’ working hours are just as long as pilots.

8. Adding Quotation Marks

Read the sentences and add quotation marks and capital letters where needed. Add necessary punctuation to all sentences.

a. He asked me where I had been living

Ans: He asked me where I had been living.

b. I told him I have the same apartment that I had when I met you

Ans: I told him, “I have the same apartment that I had when I met you.”

c. Are you eating well my mother always asks when she calls and do you have nice friends

Ans: “Are you eating well,” my mother always asks when she calls, “And do you have nice friends?”

d. I assure her that I can take care of myself and that she shouldn’t worry

Ans: I assure her that I can take care of myself and that she shouldn’t worry.

e. The police wanted to know what we had seen during the accident

Ans: The police wanted to know what we had seen during the accident.

f. We said we weren’t really paying attention, so we don’t know which driver was at fault

Ans: We said, “We weren’t really paying attention, so we don’t know which driver was at fault.”

g. A stitch in time saves nine our history professor is fond of telling us

Ans: “A stitch in time saves nine,” our history professor is fond of telling us.

Read Also:

Progress and Tradition | Write to Be Read | BBS 1st year | Questions Answer

Questions of Right and Wrong | Write to Be Read | BBS 1st year | Questions Answer

Viral Harry

Viral Harry is 19 years old. Viral Harry is a Faltu guy. Who waste much time on Computer and Internet when he was on class 7. He never want that peoples are know about him. He keeps all thing secret. But now he know what he wants from Computer and Internet...

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